I will pay for the following article Theories of Attachment. The work is to be 2 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. BONDING: THEORIES OF ATTACHMENT ID Number: of School Word Count: 650Date of Submission: September 14, 2011BONDING: THEORIES OF ATTACHMENTThe components of a healthy mother-child bonding includes hugging, kissing, cooing, caressing and holding the infant more often, especially in the first few hours after birth. All these are designed to promote early contact between mother and child in which studies showed this in turn leads to increased likelihood of breast-feeding, longer periods of breast-feeding and talking or speaking to the child in a more sensitive manner (Parke & Clarke-Stewart, 2010, p. 114). The importance of healthy bonding is to ensure the very survival of a baby who is overly dependent on the mother, unlike other mammals or animals who can more or less fend for themselves right after birth. New longer-term research studies had likewise shown that bonding occurs not only if the mother cares for the child but also with the fathers (Belluck, 2011, p. 1) in which fatherhood is a crucial component in raising successfully the child and of nurturing a family. One attachment theory developed by psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby had emphasized the need of infants to have one consistent primary caregiver to whom they can attach normally during their social and emotional development, typically from 6 months to 2 years old. Usually, it is the mother that provides the need for an attachment figure but other people may in some cases be acceptable such as the father, the grandmother, the older sibling or close relatives.Another prominent theory on bonding is the one developed by Klaus and Kennell which states that maternal bonding is important which in turn gave rise to the new practice of bringing a new baby to its mother instead of being brought to the nursery. The theory became controversial as they postulated that maternal deprivation can lead to maladjustments later on such as an eating disorder, personality defects, juvenile delinquency and substance abuse by a failure to bond. I believe the attachment theory that is best aligned and integrated with my own views of attachment is the single caregiver theory. Infants stick to one caregiver during their first months of existence and any changes will result in the so-called separation anxiety as the infant grows a bit older and able to recognize faces and voices. It is therefore very vital to have only one person as the primary caregiver, maybe relieved by someone else but only for brief periods of time so as not to cause stress, anxiety, fear or other negative emotions on the baby who sees long periods of separation as a threat to its survival. The attachment theory by Bowlby is now generally accepted and is used to guide new therapies and also in formulating social and childcare policies today. Bonding refers to the feelings of the mother towards her baby while attachment is the strong emotional bond that develops between them. The short-term benefits for the baby is its immediate survival (Rathus, 2010, p. 115) while the longer term effects of good attachment is an ability to later on develop other types of bonding in adult life, again as propounded by Bowlby. The theory of attachment is built on the concept of a close emotional relationship between two persons that in this case, pertains to a mother and her infant or child. The four characteristics of a good bonding-attachment are proximity, separation anxiety, pleasure upon reuniting and lastly, a general orientation of an infants behavior towards the primary caregiver being just around or in a nearby place (close proximity) for its own reassurance (Maccoby, 1980, p. 81). Any caregiver must therefore pay close attention to these four factors or characteristics in caring for the infant. Additionally, Klaus and Kennell had also proposed their separate theory of skin-to-skin contact to develop stronger and closer bonds by experimenting with two groups of newly-born infants. At any rate, bonding develops later on to be used as schema in adulthood. ReferencesBelluck, P. (2011, September 12). In study, fatherhood leads to drop in testosterone. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/13/health/research/13testosterone.html?src=ISMR_AP_LO_MST_FB Maccoby, E. E. (1980). Social development: psychological growth and the parent-child relationship. CA, USA: Harcourt-Brace Jovanovich.Parke, R. D. & Clarke-Stewart, A. (2010). Social development. MA, USA: John Wiley & Sons.Rathus, S. A. (2010). CDEV. CA, USA: Cengage Learning-Wadsworth.
I will pay for the following article Theories of Attachment. The work is to be 2 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page.
Give us your instructions.
Select the type of service you need: writing, calculations, or programming. We’ve created an intuitive order form that tells you what information to enter and where, so make sure to fill out each required field. Also, make your requirements as specific as possible. Don’t rush! Take your time and explain everything in detail how it works.
Proceed to checkout and enter your credit card details or PayPal login, how to pay. Follow the payment provider’s instructions to confirm the transaction.
Now your order is in our system! We’ll start processing it right away.
Place Your Order
Frequently asked questions
Is your service confidential?
When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account.
Is there a possibility of plagiarism in my completed order?
We complete each paper from scratch and in order to make you feel safe regarding its authenticity, we check it for plagiarism before its delivery. To do that, we use our in-house software, which can find not only copy-pasted fragments but even paraphrased pieces of text. Unlike popular plagiarism detection systems that are used by most universities (e.g. Turnitin.com), we do not report to any public databases—therefore, such checking is safe.
We provide a plagiarism-free guarantee that ensures your paper is always checked for its uniqueness.
Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?
You can certainly get your money back in several cases. You can receive a full refund if you have paid for your order twice or if you have placed two identical orders. In case your paper was late or the quality of the paper does not correspond to your expectations, you will get compensation for these issues.
Do you keep a database of pre-written essays?
No, we do not have such a database. All papers you order from us are written from scratch. This means your paper is unique and has never been published before—neither will it be published after we deliver it to you.
When will my custom paper be done?
While placing an order with WritersHub, you can choose a period of time within which a paper should be delivered to you. The countdown until the specified deadline starts automatically from the moment we receive your payment in our system. For example, if you pay for your order at 6pm on Monday and choose a 3-day delivery option, you will receive your custom paper by 6pm on Thursday.
Remember that a writer needs a sufficient amount of time in order to conduct thorough research. Therefore, please choose the most suitable deadline when you place an order. Moreover, the later you need your paper to be delivered to you, the cheaper it will be. Thus, you will be able to save your money while your writer will have enough time to work on your order and ensure its quality.
Make sure you upload all the additional materials at the very beginning. If you fail to do that, the deadline for your order will be postponed as well.
I haven’t received my custom paper by the deadline. What should I do?
Let us know immediately about that. You can do it by writing a message on Facebook or email us. Our support manager will carefully examine your order and will assist you with it right away. The reasons for late delivery may vary from time to time. It can happen that you have entered a wrong email address or your spam filter does not allow you to receive emails from us. It is also possible that the writer is waiting for your reply and can not continue working without your assistance, or we are checking the work for plagiarism. Whatever the case may be, contact us if you have any problems with getting your order on time.