Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on prevalence of lower back pain in professional and amateur golfers.

Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on prevalence of lower back pain in professional and amateur golfers. This research will begin with the statement that back pain as one of the most common reasons cited for patients to see a physician. It also is the most frequently reported injury in golf”. Even though back pain is a big problem for majority of the sports people, it is severe in in the case of golfers. According to Ehast, “The golfer is exposed to greater risk of low back pain due to repeated flexion and extension of the spine, especially in rotation, so the growing fondness for the sport has also resulted in an increase of this disease”. Many people have the illusion that golf is comparatively an easy sports and that is why older generation interested more in playing it. It is a fact that compared to football or hockey, golf involves minimum physical activity. However, it should be noted that a large number of muscular movements are necessary for the golfers to strike the ball accurately. Apart from hand muscles, shoulder muscles, hip muscles and leg muscles are active while a golfer strikes the ball. According to Hoogendoorn et al, bending and twisting may cause back pain. It should be noted that golf is a game which involves lot of bending and twisting of the body. Other “Factors that have been suggested to contribute to LBP in golfers include poor endurance and strength of the trunk muscles”. Even though it looks like an easy sports activity, golf is a dangerous sports as far as the striking of the ball is concerned. “The back is an area of the body that undergoes significant movement and muscular activity during the golf swing. It is likely that the significant activity and repetitive nature of the swing are associated with the high rate of injury in golfers”(McHardy & Pollard, 2005, p.135). Low back pain is a common muscular disorder seen among both professional and mature golfers because of the improper swings and striking of the balls. Although, there are many views and opinions about the reasons of back pain among golfers, the exact reasons for the increased rate of low back pains among golfers are still unknown. That is why I decided to research more about this topic. According to a study conducted by Burdorf et al. (1996), on back pain among 196 men taking up golf, the incidence of first-time back pain was 8 percent and the incidence of recurrent back pain was about 45 percent. Men involved in golf and another sport demonstrated a risk of 1.4 for recurrence of back pain, compared with men playing golf only (Burdorf et al., 1996, p.659). These findings clearly indicate that back pain is common not only among golfers but also among other sports men and women. “In Britain, during the decade to 1993, outpatient attendances for back pain rose fivefold, and the number of days of incapacity from back disorders for which social security benefits were paid more than doubled”(Palmer et al. 2000, p.1577). According to the statistics released by North Wales Spine Clinic in 2010, “The incidence of golf-related lower back sports injury ranges from 15% to 34% in the amateur golfer and 22% to 24% in the professionals in Britain. Collectively, the incidence of lower back pain in the male golfer is 25% to 36% and 22% to 27% in the female golfer” (North Wales Spine Clinic, 2010). These statistics clearly indicate that a substantial portion of British golfers are facing severe back pain. “Although little is known about the exact causes of low back pain among golfers, development of such pain in amateur golfers is anecdotally attributed to poor swing mechanics, excessive practice, and poor physical conditioning”(Horton et al, 2001, p.1647). The exact reason for such back pains among golfers is still unknown and hence a research on this subject is definitely help sports people in general and golfers in particular.

Give us your instructions.
Select the type of service you need: writing, calculations, or programming. We’ve created an intuitive order form that tells you what information to enter and where, so make sure to fill out each required field. Also, make your requirements as specific as possible. Don’t rush! Take your time and explain everything in detail how it works.

Proceed to checkout and enter your credit card details or PayPal login, how to pay. Follow the payment provider’s instructions to confirm the transaction.
Now your order is in our system! We’ll start processing it right away.

Place Your Order

Contact Us

Frequently asked questions
Is your service confidential?

When you place an order with our company, we ask you to provide us with such personal information as your name, phone number, and email address. We need this data to keep you updated on the important things related to your order or account.

Is there a possibility of plagiarism in my completed order?

We complete each paper from scratch and in order to make you feel safe regarding its authenticity, we check it for plagiarism before its delivery. To do that, we use our in-house software, which can find not only copy-pasted fragments but even paraphrased pieces of text. Unlike popular plagiarism detection systems that are used by most universities (e.g. Turnitin.com), we do not report to any public databases—therefore, such checking is safe.

We provide a plagiarism-free guarantee that ensures your paper is always checked for its uniqueness.

Is there a money-back guarantee? If yes, how can I receive a refund?

You can certainly get your money back in several cases. You can receive a full refund if you have paid for your order twice or if you have placed two identical orders. In case your paper was late or the quality of the paper does not correspond to your expectations, you will get compensation for these issues.

Do you keep a database of pre-written essays?

No, we do not have such a database. All papers you order from us are written from scratch. This means your paper is unique and has never been published before—neither will it be published after we deliver it to you.

 

When will my custom paper be done?

While placing an order with WritersHub, you can choose a period of time within which a paper should be delivered to you. The countdown until the specified deadline starts automatically from the moment we receive your payment in our system. For example, if you pay for your order at 6pm on Monday and choose a 3-day delivery option, you will receive your custom paper by 6pm on Thursday.

Remember that a writer needs a sufficient amount of time in order to conduct thorough research. Therefore, please choose the most suitable deadline when you place an order. Moreover, the later you need your paper to be delivered to you, the cheaper it will be. Thus, you will be able to save your money while your writer will have enough time to work on your order and ensure its quality.

Make sure you upload all the additional materials at the very beginning. If you fail to do that, the deadline for your order will be postponed as well.

I haven’t received my custom paper by the deadline. What should I do?

Let us know immediately about that. You can do it by writing a message on Facebook or email us. Our support manager will carefully examine your order and will assist you with it right away. The reasons for late delivery may vary from time to time. It can happen that you have entered a wrong email address or your spam filter does not allow you to receive emails from us. It is also possible that the writer is waiting for your reply and can not continue working without your assistance, or we are checking the work for plagiarism. Whatever the case may be, contact us if you have any problems with getting your order on time.